Matthew 5.31-32 cont.
31 It was said: “Whoever should divorce his wife must give her a letter of divorce.”
32 Now I tell you that everyone who divorces his wife, except on account of sexual immorality, causes her to commit adultery, and whoever shall marry a woman who has been divorced, commits adultery.
In the times of the New Testament marriage was under threat, and its existence was treated quite lightly by the Greek and Roman cultures. Yet the Jewish culture was one in which marriage was honoured, at least in theory.
W Barclay tells us that in the Jewish culture it was the duty of everyone to be married, so that they could fulfil the command of God given to Adam and Eve:
“Be fruitful and multiply. Fill the earth and govern it. Reign over the fish in the sea, the birds in the sky, and all the animals that scurry along the ground” – Genesis 1.28 (NLT).
The Jews held that the only reason a man might not marry was so that he could devote himself to the study of the Law. Other than that it was a duty that a man should marry, and not to marry was going against the command of God to be fruitful and multiply.
However, divorce had become so prevalent even within Jewish society that marriage was an unstable relationship. This caused young girls to refuse to get married.
This was because divorce was very easy, much easier than it is even today.
In the Law the following was laid down:
“Suppose a man marries a woman but later discovers something about her that is shameful. So he writes her a letter of divorce, gives it to her, and sends her away” – Deuteronomy 24.1 (NLT).
W Barclay tells us that the ‘letter of divorce’ was:
‘Let this be from me your writ of divorce and letter of dismissal and deed of liberation, that you may marry whatsoever man you may wish’.
The grounds for divorce differed according to which teacher of the Law people followed.
There were two schools of thought;
1 Those who followed the thinking of Sammai, who stated that uncleaness (adultery) was the only reason for divorce.
2 Those who followed the thinking of Hillel, who stated that a man could divorce his wife if she displeased him in anyway.
Human nature being what it is the second school of thought was the one which was the more popular. This meant that a man could divorce his wife for many frivolous reasons, such as not putting enough salt in his food, or finding another woman more attractive (Jesus calls this adultery).
In those days divorce displayed the depravity of the human heart. It can still be the same, therefore, marriage should be held in high honour.
ţ” a fost:
‘Să-ţi fie la mine dumneavoastră mandat de divorţ şi scrisoare de concediere şi faptă de eliberare, care vă pot căsători cu om un fel vă rugăm’.
Motivele de divorţ diferă în funcţie de profesor care a legii oamenii urmat.
Au existat două şcoli de gândire;
1 Cei care au urmat gândirea de Sammai, care a declarat că uncleaness (adulter) a fost singurul motiv pentru divorţ.
2 Cei care au urmat gândirea de Hillel, care a declarat că un om ar putea divorţ soţia sa în cazul în care ea-l-a nemulţumit oricum.
Natura umană este ceea ce este a doua școală de gândire a fost cel care a fost cel mai popular. Acest lucru a însemnat că un om ar putea divorţ soţia lui pentru mai multe motive de frivol, cum ar fi nu pune suficienta sare în mâncarea lui, sau pentru a găsi o altă femeie mai atractiv (Isus numeşte acest adulter).
În acele zile divorţ afişate depravarea inimii umane. Poate fi încă acelaşi lucru, prin urmare, căsătoria trebuie să aibă loc în mare onoare.